Warning: This assignment covers a lot of ground! Fortunately your project is complete and this is your last written assignment in the course. It will prepare you well for the final exam.
Observe the similarity between this problem, Problem 4 on Written Assignment #1, and Problem 1 on Written Assignment #6. You may or may not find it advantageous to use your solutions or the sample solutions to those problems as a guide when solving this one - it's up to you.
You are to design an object-relational database for an insurance company using Oracle 8 syntax. The data will include information about customers (name, address, and phone number), information about insured cars (make, model, year, vehicle-ID#, license#, and insurance rate), information about insured homes (address, insured value, and insurance rate), and information about claims made on insured cars and homes (date of claim, date of settlement, and amount of settlement). You may assume that all insured cars and homes are owned by a single customer, but you should allow a customer to own several cars and homes. As an added feature for this version of the problem, you should assume that all addresses consist of three distinct components: street, city, and zip code. Please state any additional assumptions you make about the real world in your design.
(a) Specify (on paper) an object-relational schema for your database. You should use the Oracle 8 syntax for object types and object-relational tables as presented in class. You should exploit object-relational features where it makes sense in the design, e.g., if it makes the design more intuitive or compact. You need not go crazy with object-relational features just to demonstrate their use. Also, you may find as you work on later parts of this problem that you'll want to come back and adjust your schema.
(b) Based on your schema, write an Oracle 8 SQL command to insert a new customer into the database. You may choose any data (name, address, etc.) for the customer that you like.
(c) Based on your schema, write an Oracle 8 SQL command to insert a new claim into the database. You may assume that the database already includes the insured car or home on which the claim is made.
(d) Based on your schema, write an Oracle 8 SQL query to find the average insurance rate of all homes in Palo Alto.
(e) Based on your schema, write an Oracle 8 SQL query to return the object that corresponds to the owner of the car with license# 123.
(f) Add a method to your schema that computes, for a given insured car, the number of claims involving that car during a given year. The year should be an input parameter to the method. First declare the method within your schema. Then specify an implementation of the method that uses an Oracle 8 query as the main body of the method. Don't worry too much about syntax, although you may base your syntax on the Oracle 8 examples given in class.
(g) Based on your schema after part (f), write an Oracle 8 SQL update statement to double the insurance rate for any car that has more than four claims in the year 1999.
(h) Add an order method to your schema that allows claims to be compared and aggregated. Specifically, claim C1 should be "larger" than claim C2 if: (i) C1 is for a larger amount, or, if the amounts are the same: (ii) C1 has a more recent settlement date, or, if the settlement dates are the same: (iii) C1 has a more recent claim date. If none of (i), (ii), or (iii) hold then the claims should be equal. You may assume that comparisons for dates are built in. Don't worry too much about syntax, although you may base your syntax on the Oracle 8 examples given in class.
(i) Based on your schema after part (h), write an Oracle 8 SQL query to find the settlement date and amount of the "biggest" home claim in the database.
(j) Specify one of the relational schemas you gave for Problem 4 on Written Assignment #1, whichever one you prefer. Based on your new object-relational schema developed in this problem, write a set of Oracle 8 SQL statements that will populate your new database by querying the old one. If there are cases where it is not possible to port the data over to the new schema by simply using SQL statements, state so and explain why.
CREATE TYPE BookType AS OBJECT (title STRING, year INTEGER);
CREATE TYPE BookList AS TABLE OF BookType;
CREATE TYPE ResidentType AS OBJECT (name STRING, books BookList);
CREATE TYPE ResidentList AS TABLE OF ResidentType;
CREATE TYPE DormType AS OBJECT (address STRING, residents ResidentList);
CREATE TABLE Dorm OF TYPE DormType;
(a) Create a "flat" (non-object-) relational schema to store the same information. Then write a set of Oracle 8 SQL statements that will populate your flat database by querying the Dorm relation.
(b) Now write a set of Oracle 8 SQL statements to go the other way: populate the Dorm table by querying your flat relations.
Sales(sID,date,itemID,color,size,qty,unitPrice) // sID is a key
Consider the following two queries over the Sales relation:
// Total revenue grouped by date and item:
SELECT date, itemID, SUM(qty*unitPrice)
GROUP BY date, itemID
// Total revenue grouped by itemID and color
SELECT itemID, color, SUM(qty*unitPrice)
GROUP BY itemID, color
Specify a view V over the Sales relation. You should choose V so that if V is stored as a materialized view, then V can be used to substantially speed up the execution of both of the above queries, assuming that the Sales relation is very large. In addition to specifying V, show how each of the two queries above can be rewritten into an equivalent query that uses V instead of Sales.
Specify all of the association rules that can be deduced from this table with Support > 0.3 and Confidence > 0.5. To limit your search, you need only consider association rules that have exactly one item on the left-hand side and one item on the right-hand side.
CREATE TABLE Dating (boy STRING, girl STRING, time TIMESTAMP)
Recall that TIMESTAMP values are sets of disjoint intervals, and that NOW may be used as an interval endpoint. You may assume that names are unique (i.e., the same name indicates the same person), and that (boy,girl) is a key for this relation. Write the following queries using the temporal relational algebra introduced in class. You may call built-in functions and test conditions on time values using any syntax similar to that used in class.
(a) Find all boy-girl pairs who are dating each other now.
(b) Find all boy-girl pairs who are dating each other now and have dated each other for a total of at least 6 months.
(c) Find all boys who have dated more than one girl at the same time.
(d) Find all girls who have been dating someone (not necessarily the same person) for a total of at least 2 years.