Institution: Stanford University, Computer Systems Laboratory

Title: Binary multiplication Using Partially Redundant Multiples

Author: Bewick, Gary

Author: Flynn, Michael J.

Date: June 1992

Abstract: This report presents an extension to Booth's algorithm for binary multiplication. Most implementations that utilize Booth's algorithm use the 2 bit version, which reduces the number of partial products required to half that required by a simple add and shift method. Further reduction in the number of partial products can be obtained by using higher order versions of Booth's algorithm, but it is necessary to generate multiples of one of the operands (such as 3 times an operand) by the use of a carry propagate adder. This carry propagate addition introduces significant delay and additional hardware. The algorithm described in this report produces such difficult multiples in a partially redundant form, using a series of small length adders. These adders operate in parallel with no carries propagating between them. As a result, the delay introduced by multiple generation is minimized and the hardware needed for the multiple generation is also reduced, due to the elimination of expensive carry lookahead logic.

http://i.stanford.edu/pub/cstr/reports/csl/tr/92/528/CSL-TR-92-528.pdf