Report Number: CS-TR-87-1174
Institution: Stanford University, Department of Computer Science
Title: Intelligent Tutoring Systerns: A Tutorial Survey
Author: Clancey, William J.
Date: September 1986
Abstract: This survey of Intelligent Tutoring Systems is based on a tutorial originally presented by John Seely Brown, Richard R. Burton (Xerox - PARC, USA) and William J. Clancey at the National Conference on AI (AAAI) in Austin, TX in August, 1984. The survey describes the components of tutoring systems, different teaching scenarios, and their relation to a theory of instruction. The underlying pedagogical approach is to make latent knowledge manifest, which the research accomplishes by different forms of qualitative modeling: simulating physical processes; simulating expert problem-solving, including strategies for montoring and controling problem solving (metacognition); modeling the plans behind procedural behavior; and forcing articulation of model inconsistencies through the Socratic method of instruction.